Film Director Jean-Marc Birraux
Choreographer Jean-Claude Gallotta
Dancers Françoise Bal-Goetz, Darrell Davis, Ximena Figueroa, Marie Fonte, Ibrahim Guétissi, Mathieu Heyraud, Benjamin Houal, Yannick Hugron, Cécile Renard, Thierry Verger, Loriane Wagner, Béatrice Warrand and Jean-Claude Gallotta
« Dear Ulysses,
Your Mediterranean has disappeared. Your sky is now filled with oil-black clouds, the gods are killing each other.
The immaculate, hopeful whiteness of the ‘80s has turned grey. Something has faded.
You have become Bloom, Joyce's wandering Jew.
You are a Ulysses who has become urbanised in the foundations of Homer's greyness.
Your white flag is raised like a last smile; I nearly wrote sigh.
You sail in circles, and on the shores of Ithaca we now hear only a blues melody.
And yet you are still close by.
And yet you watch us.
And yet you dance again for us.”
On its creation, in 1981, Ulysses was presented as “a continuous activity lasting one hour thirty minutes”. The ballet thus wrote one of the first chapters in the new French choreography. Jean-Claude Gallotta laid white on white – sets, floor, costumes – a dance in the form of a breakaway from and tribute to the American reference model.
The piece was revived in 1993, and is back again in 2007. Changed? Certainly. Unchanging? Of course. Ever the same and inevitably different. Because, in a quarter of a century, the world has turned on its own axis ten thousand times, and not always in a perfect circle, and often drunk on its own abjectness. Dance can no longer respond through its own beauty and innocence. Already, in 2001, Jean-Claude Gallotta had offered a dark counterpart to Ulysses with Nosferatu, at the Paris Opera. His Ulysses has therefore journeyed through the last two decades just as Homer's Ulysses journeyed across the seas, and Joyce's Ulysses journeyed through his day on 16 June 1904. Today, the choreographic parchment is bound to bear the traces of these odysseys. A few scraps, memories and feathers are attached to the man's coat. “Dear Ulysses,” says Jean-Claude Gallotta. His choreography is first and foremost a missive. But this missive does not say that the world does not recognise the man who returns; on the contrary, it says that the returning man does not recognise the world, in which he cannot find the siren who acted as his guide.
“Dear Ulysses, your sudden arrival caused a great storm in 1981. Today, seeing you enter stage left, more fragile, more secret, into a faded white setting and to more tormented resonances, we said to each other that the time had come for our reunion and recognition”.
Choreographer Jean-Claude Gallotta
Choreographer assistant Mathilde Altaraz
Lighting Marie-Christine Soma
Costumes Jacques Schiotto and Marion Mercier
Dramatist Claude-Henri Buffard
With Françoise Bal-Goetz, Darrell Davis, Ximena Figueroa, Marie Fonte, Ibrahim Guétissi, Mathieu Heyraud, Benjamin Houal, Yannick Hugron, Cécile Renard, Thierry Verger, Loriane Wagner, Béatrice Warrand and Jean-Claude Gallotta
Production Centre chorégraphique national de Grenoble with the support of Théâtre National de Chaillot and MC2 : Maison de la culture de Grenoble.
duration : 71 '
Last upload : October 2014
After a trip to New York in which he discovered the work of Merce Cunningham, Lucinda Childs, Steve Paxton, Trisha Brown, Stuart Sherman and Yvonne Rainer, Jean-Claude Gallotta – with Mathilde Altaraz – founded the Émile Dubois Group in Grenoble in 1979, which, in 1981, joined the Grenoble Arts Centre as a dance creation unit. This was where Ulysse was born, a playful ballet using both classical and modern vocabularies.
The Émile Dubois Group became the National Choreographic Centre and took up Ulysse again in 1984 for the Olympic Games Festival in Los Angeles, the American Dance Festival, the Holland Festival and the Avignon Festival.
This was followed by: Les Aventures d’Ivan Vaffan, Les Louves and Pandora. In 1986, Jean-Claude Gallotta was asked to be the director of the Grenoble Arts Centre – renamed “Le Cargo” -, thereby becoming the first choreographer to be appointed to run this type of institution.
In 1987, the ballet Mammame was performed at the Montreal International Festival of New Dance: the Canadian press (dance and theatre) awarded him the prize for the Best Foreign Performance of the Year. In 1989, after some ten audiovisual collaborations with, for example, Claude Mouriéras and Raoul Ruiz, Jean-Claude Gallotta produced his first full-length film: Rei Dom – La Légende des Kreuls. This was followed by Docteur Labus and Les Mystères de Subal.
Jean-Claude Gallotta then resigned as director of the Grenoble Arts Centre and published his first book, Mémoires d’un dictaphone.
During the 1991-1992 season, two choreographic creations combining dance, words and music were performed: La Légende de Roméo et Juliette, performed in November 1991 for the Albertville Olympic Arts Festival, and La Légende de Don Juan, performed in June 1992 for the Universal Exhibition in Seville, as a joint production with the Avignon Festival. Jean-Claude Gallotta then shot his second full-length film: l’Amour en deux.
1993: publication of Les Yeux qui dansent (interviews with Bernard Raffalli).
In July of the same year, Jean-Claude Gallotta recreated Ulysse at the Châteauvallon Festival. This was followed by a long international tour.
1994: Prémonitions, a new choreography created in Grenoble. 1995: at the request of ‘Lyon Opéra Ballet’, Jean-Claude Gallotta composed La Solitude du danseur, four solos performed to music by Erik Satie. Gallotta then worked with Nicholas Hytner and Sir Charles Mackerras to produce La Petite Renarde Rusée, an opera by Leos Janacek, performed by the Théâtre du Châtelet.
At the Châteauvallon Festival, Jean-Claude Gallotta choreographed and performed the solo Hommage à Pavel Haas. In Grenoble, he created La Tête contre les fleurs for the company. This was followed in 1996 by Rue de Palanka, and in 1997, La Rue (an event for 3,000 spectators) and the creation of La Chamoule ou l’Art d’aimer.
A longstanding collaboration was set up with Japan, at the invitation of the director Tadashi Suzuki: from 1997 to 2000, Jean-Claude Gallotta ran the dance department at the new Shizuoka Performing Arts Centre, training and directing a permanent company of eight Japanese performers. In 1998, Jean-Claude Gallotta also directed Le Ventriloque by Jean-Marie Piemme and Le Catalogue by Jean-Bernard Pouy, and wrote Pierre Chatel for “l’Adieu au siècle”.
Jean-Claude Gallotta created Les Variations d’Ulysse for the Paris Opera Ballet, which was performed at the Opéra Bastille in 1995, and repeated in 1998. He also created Nosferatu in May 2002 to music by Pascal Dusapin; the ballet was performed again in spring 2006 at the Opéra Bastille.
In 1999, he created Presque Don Quichotte at the Douai Hippodrome; the piece was also performed in Shizuoka, Japan. In 2000, he created l’Incessante, a solo for Mathilde Altaraz, at the Avignon Festival as part of Le Vif du Sujet. In 2001, he created Les Larmes de Marco Polo for the Lyon International Biennial.
In 2002, he created 99 duos at the Chaillot National Theatre, the first part of a trilogy on ‘People’. In 2003, he prepared Trois générations for the Avignon Festival, which was eventually cancelled. The piece, which includes children, former dancers and the Company, was performed at the Rampe d’Echirolles in March 2004.
It was performed in May of the same year at the Chaillot National Theatre and was repeated in November 2005. The same year, he worked with the director Hans-Peter Cloos to produce a show combining dance, theatre and music, Les sept pechés capitaux by Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill. In 2006, he created Des Gens qui dansent, the third part of the trilogy initiated by 99 duos and Trois Générations and, in 2007, he repeated his flagship piece from the 80s, Ulysse, under the title Cher Ulysse.
In 2008, Bach dance experience with Mirella Giardelli and “L’Atelier des Musiciens du Louvre”; Armide by Lully with the conductor William Christie and the director Robert Carsen at the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées, Paris; Chroniques chorégraphiques - season 1, a sort of “stage movie” that allowed him to pursue his poetic research into genres and people.
In 2009, he created l’Homme à tête de chou, with the original words and music by Serge Gainsbourg in a version recorded for the show by Alain Bashung. In April 2011, he performed a solo with Faut qu’je danse ! as a prelude to the recreation of his trio Daphnis é Chloé in Grenoble.
In October 2011, again in Grenoble and with a piece for thirteen dancers, he took on Igor Stravinsky’s Le Sacre du printemps, which he presented in April 2012 at the Chaillot National Theatre, Paris, along with Tumulte and Pour Igor in the first part.
At the end of 2012, he is to present Racheter la mort des gestes - Chroniques chorégraphiques 1 at the Théâtre de la Ville, then at MC2; in early 2013, his recreation of Yvan Vaffan (first performed in 1984) will enable him to continue his work on the repertoire, alternating with his creations and thereby pleading for a certain “continuity in art” and seeking patiently to share with his audience the same story: the story of a shared artistic history and future.
In October 2013, he directed the singer Olivia Ruiz in El Amor Brujo byManuel de Falla, a piece presented together with Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale, a show on which he worked together with the conductor Marc Minkowski and the director Jacques Osinski.
For the 2014-15 season, he presented The Rite and its Revolutions (including the first performance of Xenakis’s Jonchaies and Six Pieces for Orchestra, op. 6 by Webern (Homage to Angela Davis) at the Philharmonie de Paris, and in June he gave the first performance of The Stranger, based on the novel by Albert Camus at the MC2 in Grenoble.
He is opening the 2015-2016 season with My Rock at the MC2 in Grenoble, and at the Théâtre du Rond-Point in Paris.
Source : Gallotta's website
More information : www.gallotta-danse.com
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