La Création du monde 1923-2012
La Création du monde 1923-2012
Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, South Africa, France… Faustin Linyekula is a traveling artist … through space, but also through time. His new show gives a second life to La Création du monde, a ballet created in 1923 at the Theâtre des Champs-Elysees by a remarkable team of artists: Darius Milhaud for the music, Blaise Cendrars for the libretto, Fernand Léger for the décor and Jean Börlin for the choreography.
Perceived at the time as a “negro-cubist fantasy”, this historic work looks towards Africa more in terms of its highly coloured costumes and its exotic sounds than to its terrible political context.
With 25 dancers from the Lorraine Ballet and eminent artistic partners such as the musician Fabrizio Cassol (heard with Alain Platel and Anne Teresa De Keersmaeker), Faustin Linyekula takes on La Création du monde with the intention of placing it within a new perspective. The Congolese choreographer has no equal for the way in which he jarringly juxtaposes tradition and modernity. With him, memory is no longer content to commemorate; it regenerates from top to bottom, with a healthy dose of extravagance.
Source: Lille Opera
Swedish dancer and choreographer. Born in Härnösand, Sweden, 13 March 1893. Studied at the Royal Theatre School, Stockholm, pupil of Gunhild Rosen, 1902-05; later studied with Mikhail Fokine, Copenhagen, and José Otero, Madrid, 1918-20. Dancer, Royal Theatre, Stockholm, 1905-1918: second soloist, from 1913; after period of independent study and experiments in choreography, leading dancer in recital financed by Rolf de Maré, Paris, 1920, leading to establishment of company: sole choreographer and principal dancer, Ballets Suédois, founded and financed by de Maré, based in Paris and touring widely in Europe and U.S., 1920-25; also appeared in two films directed by René Clair, Entr'acte (1924) and Le Voyage imaginaire (1925); dancer, Théâtre des Champs Élysées, Paris, 1925, also touring in recitals, including North and South America; leading dancer in recital with his own pupils, Paris, 1929. Died in New York, 6 December 1930.
Jean Börlin, a Swedish ballet dancer who studied Bournonville and Italian techniques before training with Mikhail Fokine in Stockholm and Copenhagen, was the principal dancer and choreographer for the Ballets Suédois. In that capacity he collaborated with some of the foremost composers and artists of his time--including Erik Satie, Jean Cocteau, Francis Picabia, Fernand Leger, and Paul Claudel--to create some of the most innovative ballets of the early twentieth century.
Rolf de Maré, the founder of the Ballets Suédois, hired Börlin in 1920 and based his company in Paris. Apart from de Maré, Börlin, and a few dancers from the Stockholm Royal Opera, there was not much else that was Swedish about the Ballets Suédois. Originally de Maré had wanted to use the company as a vehicle for translating Swedish folk themes into modern theatre, but the Ballets Suédois made a name for itself with avant-garde ballets combining the choreography of Jean Börlin with the work of French librettists, composers, and painters.
With its first Paris season in 1920, the Ballets Suédois established itself as the artistic successor to Diaghilev's declining Ballets Russes. Comparisons of Börlin to Vaslav Nijinsky, the principal dancer of the Ballets Russes, were inevitable. In fact, Paul Claudel conceived L'Homme et son désir in 1917 as a vehicle for Nijinsky, who, it turned out, could not perform the role because of his disintegrating mental health. In 1921, after seeing Jean Börlin and the Ballets Suédois, Claudel and his collaborators offered the ballet to the new company. Whether or not Börlin's dancing was like Nijinsky's, his choreography was certainly similar to Fokine's.
Börlin's choreography adhered closely to the "five principles" Fokine had formulated for the Ballets Russes: movement corresponded to subject matter, period, and musical style; dance and gesture advanced dramatic action; dancers' entire bodies were used; the corps de ballet was integral to the ballet rather than just ornamental; and the dance was combined with other arts. Börlin's movement was described by some critics as very much like pantomime and not very "dancey", reflecting his emphasis on expression rather than a traditional dance vocabulary. His use of popular dances such as the shimmy and the foxtrot in Within The Quota, to music by Cole Porter, is an example of movement corresponding to subject matter, period, and musical style.
After staging their most ambitious piece, Relâche, in 1924, de Maré and Börlin decided to disband the Ballets Suédois. Börlin gave recitals in South America and two more concerts in Paris before he died in New York at the age of 37.
Source : Gale Group’s website
Born in Zaire, now the Democratic Republic of Congo, the dancer and choreographer Faustin Linyekula combines the power of theatre, the expressive force of dance and sharp political critique to explore post-colonial reality with courage and humour.
Faustin Linyekula grew up and studied literature and theatre in Kisangani. Because of the political troubles, he moved to Nairobi and co-founded the first contemporary dance company in Kenya. A prize awarded by the Angola International Dance Festival opened the doors to the international dance scene, and he was invited to present Tales Off the Mud Walls at the 2002 Summer Tanz Festival in Vienna. French audiences discovered his work at the 2007 Avignon Festival with Le Festival des mensonges. Despite his emerging international career, Faustin Linyekula decided to go back to DRC to found Studios Kabako in Kinshasa, a multidisciplinary training, production and distribution centre that now operates out of Kisangani. Faustin Linyekula regularly teaches in Africa, the USA and Europe (Paris, CNDC Angers, Impulstanz, etc.) In 2007 he was awarded the Grand Prix de la Fondation Prince Claus for Culture and Development, and in 2014 the Grand Prix de la Fondation CurryStone for his work at Studios Kabako. In 2016 he was appointed Associate Artist for the City of Lisbon.
Source : Festival de Marseille
More information: http://www.kabako.org
CCN - Ballet de Lorraine
Since acquiring the CCN title in 1999, the Centre Chorégraphique National - Ballet de Lorraine has dedicated itself to supporting contemporary choreographic creation. As of July 2011 the organization is under the general and artistic direction of Petter Jacobsson.
The CCN – Ballet de Lorraine and its company of 26 dancers is one of the most important companies working in Europe, performing contemporary creations while retaining and programming a rich and extensive repertory, spanning our modern history, made up of works by some of our generations most highly regarded choreographers.
The CCN functions as an art center and venue for multiple possibilities in the fields of research, experimentation and artistic creation. It is a platform open to many different disciplines, a space where the many visions of dance of today may meet.
More information : http://ballet-de-lorraine.eu
La création du monde 1923-2012
Choreography : Recréation de 2012 : Faustin Linyekula Recréation de la chorégraphie de 1923 : Millicent Hodson et Kenneth Archer // d’après Jean Börlin, version de 2000 recréée et remise en répétition par Millicent Hodson
Choreography assistance : Christophe Béranger
Interpretation : CCN-Ballet de Lorraine
Set design : Jean-Christophe Lanquetin
Original music : Darius Milhaud
Additionnal music : Fabrizio Cassol
Lights : Virginie Galas - Recréation lumières Olivier Bauer
Costumes : Lamine Badian Kouyaté
Settings : Rideau, dessins et costumes : Dessins d’après Fernand Léger, version de 2000 recréés et supervisés par Kenneth Archer
Other collaborations : Répétitrice Isabelle Bourgeais
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